How To Choose The Right Bait For Trout

In calm waters, where trout have plenty of time to scrutinize and reject an offering, live bait has an edge. In a situation like that, a cautious trout will attack when a wriggling worm or a slow-moving minnow adds further interest to the situation.

Live bait may also be used to catch trout in swift currents, but they will have to strike before they can examine anything in detail. Dead bait can work just as well as live bait in these circumstances.

Additionally, artificial bait imitations can be used in rivers that have enough current, such as silicone eggs in place of actual roe, or artificial flies in place of genuine insects.

Natural bait for trout 

There are several types of bait that are all relatively easy to get, including dew worms, meal worms, minnows, shrimp, maggots, and roe.

Worms make excellent trout bait
Worms make excellent trout bait

Tackle shops, gas stations, pet stores, and grocery stores are a few locations an angler should think about purchasing bait since they all usually carry some of these trout baits

However, trout bait may also be found in nature. Anglers can catch their own minnows or gather and cure their own roe when possible.

So keep in mind that you will be more successful and effective if you’re aware of all the excellent sources of bait in your surroundings, and how to get them.

Make sure you’re using the right hooks for your trout bait

With trout bait, it’s important to be aware of the many hook shapes and sizes that can be used to present your chosen bait in the right way.

Worms should be attached to long shank hooks with barbs on the shank to prevent a worm from slipping down.

These hooks are called bait holder (or bait keeper) hooks, and if you don’t use them, the worm will slide down the hook shank and end up forming a tight knot at the bend of the hook. No trout is interested in eating a worm presented like this.

Roe, on the other hand, should be mounted on single egg hook designs, which have a relatively short shank and a wide gape.

The correct way to bait your hook for trout 

The action and allure of the bait, and its ability to trigger strikes from trout, can all be impacted by how it is positioned on the hook.

For example, since trout (like all other predatory fish) consume minnows head first, hooking the fish in the midsection or on the back will result in a lot of lost opportunities. In that case, it’s usually better to hook the minnow at the front.

Also, catching the biggest brown trout is often accomplished by leaving a sizable piece of a dew worm to dangle from the hook, which allows the worm to wriggle enticingly in the water.

By using live bait, you can precisely match the food source that fish are eating on to the fishing conditions on the water. When done well, float fishing with live bait will provide plenty of trophy-sized trout and intense fishing action.

Trout lures 

There is an amazing variety of trout lures, many of which look quite strange.

Inline spinners 

Inline spinners are among the most effective and convenient trout lures ever created. The tension they create on the line, which disappears when the blade isn’t moving, makes it simple to detect if they are spinning correctly during retrieval.

Inline spinners are among the best trout lures
Inline spinners are among the best trout lures

Once the blade is moving correctly, it is quite difficult to make a mistake. Two things can increase your likelihood of success: 1. Slowing down: when spinners are retrieved slowly, you’ll often catch more fish. 2. In a river, casting at 45 feet across and upstream will increase the depth of your retrieve and slow down the speed of your lure retrieval, resulting in more bites from trout.

Keep in mind that unless a high-quality swivel is rigged above a spinner, it will twist your line during retrieval.

The best spinner size to use is determined by the size of the water and the trout in your fishery.

However, a #3-4 will be more frequently employed for big trout and steelhead and sizes #4-6 for chinook on the big rivers. Small spinner sizes #0-2 work well for trout fishing in small streams.

For me, Panther Martin spinners in the sizes #1-2 are essential whenever I fish a small stream for trout.

Trout spoons 

While spoons are quite simple in their design, trout find them irresistible because of their wobble, flash, and ability to sink deep.

Trout spoons can be fished similarly to spinners, but they are difficult since faster retrieves will cause spinning, which is undesirable.

When a spoon is only wobbling side to side, rather than fully rotating, it will capture more trout.

Spoons can be cast a long distance because of their weight and form. One of my favorite brands of trout spoons are Kastmaster spoons.

Trout jigs 

Jigs are weighted hooks that have soft plastic or feathers attached to them.

Many of the soft plastic baits that are rigged on jig hooks have lifelike appearances and excellent action in the water.

While a spinner or spoon’s rough texture can turn a trout off when it tries to eat it, soft plastics feel more authentic in its mouth, making it less likely that a trout will spit it out before you can set the hook.

Trout jigs are great because they can be fished close to the bottom and quickly sink to great depths. Also, their price is reasonable, so losing a few won’t be financially disastrous.

Plugs and crankbaits 

This category of trout lures includes wooden or plastic lures that entice fish with their alluring vibrating and wobbling.

Lauri Rapala of Finland created the first plug in 1936 with the intention of catching large pike. It’s hard to explain the many shapes, sizes, and colors of crankbaits because they have undergone so many alterations throughout the years.

Let me just give a few guiding ideas in general. Due of their relative lightness, plugs cannot be cast as far as spoons or spinners on lakes and large rivers. When that happens, using a plug or crankbait is often better for trolling.

Floating plugs can be floated with the current and suspended in smaller rivers. Many times, plugs and crankbaits will outperform other lures in fishing because they can be fished more dynamically.

How to choose the right bait for trout 

Every time you go trout fishing, you’ll have to confront the challenge of choosing the best trout bait to use, which is made even more challenging by the influx of new baits, artificial baits, and lures that are released every year.

There is nothing wrong with testing a new bait, even if bait selection might be the key to success trout fishing. However, certain baits are better suited to a particular season and to a particular situation.

For example, you might have noticed that trout are less choosy in spring. But when summer and hot weather arrives, trout will stay in deeper water throughout the day (although they can be found in shallow water in the morning and evening).

Pick your trout bait to match the conditions 

When choosing your trout bait, pay close attention to the conditions right now and what’s happening in the lake or river you’re fishing in. as refine your choices after you start fishing.

Water color or clarity, the type of structure or cover on a lake, the type and size of baitfish or forage, as well as the peak activity times of trout, are a few factors to take into account.

Water temperatures are significant for trout fishing in the spring, but when summer is here, they tend to be less significant.